Indicator database

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    Distribution of plant species

    Expected average percentage of stable area of 856 plant species for two different climate scenarios.
    Retrieved from:
    on 10/02/2015

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Forest growth

    This indicator measures forest area and volume of forest biomass.

    Nationally designated areas

    Areas designated under national legislation for the purpose of nature protection including sites such as national parks and nature reserves.

    Species diversity

    Species diversity is a measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates both species richness (the number of species in a community) and the evenness of species' abundances. Species diversity is one component of the concept of biodiversity.

    Species of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of species of European interest.
    It is currently based on data collected under the obligations for monitoring under Article 11 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Living planet index

    The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

    Living Planet Index,,
    retrieved on 12/02/2015.

    Physical Trade Balance (PTB)

    The trade surplus or deficit of material resources within an economy, calculated as imports minus exports of raw materials and manufactured products.

    Environmental Vulnerability Index

    The Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measure to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by individual nations and some regions of the planet.

    Wildlife Picture Index

    The Wildlife Picture Index (WPI) combines photos from camera traps and relevant environmental data to understand how well efforts to protect biodiversity are functioning. It was designed to address the need for robust biodiversity monitoring indicators to fulfill the Convention on Biological Diversity’s goal to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2020.

    Crop production index

    Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 2004-2006. It includes all crops except fodder crops.

    Distribution and abundance of animal species

    This indicator is an assessment of the following aspects:
    - Observed latitudinal shifts of four species groups over 25 years in Britain;
    - Temporal trend of bird and butterfly community temperature index across Europe;
    - Projected impact of climate change on the potential distribution of reptiles and amphibians;
    - Projected changes in the climate niche space of the Small Tortoise shell;
    - Changes in mammalian species richness.

    Population, total

    "Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship - except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."

    (World Bank,, 2014-12-10)

    Population density (people per sq. km of land area)

    Population density of a country is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones.

    Energy Resources

    It presents statistics for reserves, and production of various energy resources at the global level.
    Retreived from:
    on 03/02/2015

    Global Soil Regions

    The indicator shows the distribution of the 12 soil orders according to Soil Taxonomy

    Resource Efficiency Scoreboard

    The Resource efficiency scoreboard is a tool / user interface for presenting key indicators relating to natural resources. For this scoreboard, a limited set of already available indicators was selected, covering as many as possible of the themes and subthemes identified in the Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. It is a three tier system based on a lead indicator, a dashboard of indicators and a set of theme specific indicators:
    - One Lead indicator – focus on resource productivity
    - 9 Dashboard indicators with focus on carbon, water and land;

    Common bird index

    The indicator is an aggregated index integrating the population abundance and the diversity of a selection of common bird species. Three groups of bird species are presented in this indicator: farmland specialists (39 species), forest specialists (33 species) and all common bird species (farmland species, forest species and a further 91 species).Rare species are excluded.
    Retrieved from: on 25-03-2015